Tasting Peru’s Causa My Favorite Dish

Apr 2018

The numbers vary, with a range of three to four thousand, depending on who you talk to. One thing everyone agrees on is the importance of the potato in Peru’s culture. Allow me to introduce you to a favorite dish from my travels-Peru causa, a slice of potato heaven. It’s filling, versatile and full of Peruvian flavor that will always remind my of one of the best travel experiences of my life.

Tasting Peru with causa

Bride or wedding potato in Peru

Bride or Wedding potato in Peru

One potato, two potato, three potato, four. In Peru there’s a potato for everything. The one above is the mother-in-law or weeping bride potato. Our guide Silver shared that prospective brides are given the potato as a test and asked to peel around all the nooks and crannies. Sharpen your knife skills ladies. I’m not sure how much the exam is still a part of the courting ritual, but that is the 411 on how this particular spud got its name.

Tasting Peru causa on the Amazon

My first taste of causa-floating on the Amazon.

I had the opportunity to taste Peru causa from the far reaches of the Amazon to the high altitude Andes when I traveled there with AdventureSmith Explorations. Although the presentation changed slightly, it was always tasty and delicous.

Cooking class in Haucahuasi

Causa cooking class-Haucahuasi Lodge

Peru's causa

In addition to their responsible travel mission, one of the advantages of traveling with AdventureSmith is the customization of offerings on their itineraries. Each day allowed for several options, such as the chance to dive a bit deeper into Peru’s causa and local culture with a cooking lesson from the chef at one of my stylish and eco-friendly hotels.

Potatoes at the Calca market in Peru.

The potato originated as an ingredient nearly 10,000 years ago with evidence being found high in the Andes of Peru and Bolivia. The word papa is from the Quecha language and refers to a tuber.

Potato varieties Viacha

Potato varieties in Viacha, Peru

Ten Facts You Need to Know-Peru’s Potatoes

  • Potatoes from Peru arrived in Spain around 1570, but it took almost another 100 years until it became part of the diet there. (they were suspicious)
  • Of the approximately 4,000 potatoes grown world wide, 3,000 types are grown in Peru, making it one of the most biodiverse regions on the planet.
  • Like all vegetables the more colorful varieties indicate higher levels of nutritional value. Eat the rainbow! (see below)
  • Potatoes like the red moro boli are found to be high in antioxidants. Potatoes such as the bland, pale colored ttalaco – a long, crescent shaped spud – must be softened and either soaked or steamed to be made into a potato spirits.
  • The Quechua people of the Sacred Valley live a holistic way of life that marries traditions with living in harmony with Mother Earth-Pachamaya. Their sustainable lifestyle has lessons for modern farming techniques and is one of the key reasons they’ve been able to maintain their biodiversity.
  • Many of the potatoes are so rare they never make it to market and are used as a type of currency in the small villages.
  • As a central element of the culture in the country, there are varieties for all types of ceremonial use. Birth, wedding and funeral potatoes all have their own place in traditions.
  • Potatoes predate the ruins of Machu Picchu.
  • Farmers developed frost resistant varieties that thrived on alpine tundra, a climate too windy and cold to support tree growth.
  • Gastón Acurio, one of the chefs responsible for putting Peruvian cooking on the map is a big supporter of potato diversity. His seasonal menu at Astrid & Gastón is based on ingredients foraged or produced by Peru’s farmers.
  • Andeans measured time by how long it would take a potato to cook.

I particularly liked this dish because of the possible versatility of the ingredients; my mind started working about how I could improvise and adapt it for my family and friends once I returned home. Green With Renvy readers know how hard it is for me to stick to a recipe without getting creative.

Tasting Peru with a Causa recipe

Recipe – A Taste of Peru Causa

Ingredients-makes 6 rounds

  • 1 empty can sweetened condensed milk-use it for dulce leche recipe (next week). Remove top and bottom from can. This is your form for causa rounds.
  • 6 golden potatoes
  • Aji Amarillo paste (buy online unless you have a good neighborhood ethnic market)
  • 3 limes juiced
  • 2 T vegetable oil
  • 2 cloves garlic minced
  • 2 5oz can tuna
  • 1 avocado
  • 1 c mayo (or use part greek yogurt)
  • peas, beets, green onion or whatever accent you like for the tuna or another layer- add ins
  • 1 T. mustard
  • 2 hard boiled eggs-sliced
  • 6 sliced black olives
  • salt+pepper to taste


  • Boil potatoes until soft, about 30 minutes. Remove and run potatoes under cold water when they are hot. They peel much easier.
  • Place peeled potatoes in mixing bowl.
  • Make tuna in another bowl-drain and add mayo, mustard and other add ins you would like. Think color. Taste, salt and pepper as needed and set aside.
  • Add salt, pepper, aji paste, garlic, vegetable oil, and lime juice to potatoes. Mash well and if it seems dry add a bit more oil. You want it moist, but a little drier than mashed potatoes.
  • Slice beet and/or avocado thinly and chop for layers
  • Generously rub vegetable oil on the inside of milk can. Push a layer of potatoes in bottom half, smooth.
  • Layer tuna, beets, avocado-whatever you are using for the center.
  • Press another layer of potatoes on top and mash down gently.
  • Using the plate you will serve on, place the can on the plate. Gently applying pressure to the top of the potato mixture, slide the can up over the mixture. (my first one was a mess-make sure to generously grease!).
  • Place toppings-hardboiled eggs, olive, green sprouts-on top. Accent with aji paste on plate and enjoy.

Pin Me ♥ Peru Causa Recipe

tasting peru causa

Disclosure: The author was hosted by AdventureSmith Explorations for her Peruvian travels, but as always opinions, reviews and experiences are her own. 

  1. Who doesn’t love potatoes? I’m sure I’d love the Peruvian causa dish, although it sounds like quite a bit of trouble to make. I guess I’ll just have to travel to Peru to have it served to me! 🙂

    • alison says:

      Having it served is always a treat. The first batch was a bit tedious, but I’ve since become an ‘expert’ and just need to say the word causa for the kids to come to dinner!

  2. Tami says:

    I’ve never experienced this causa dish, but it sounds as good as it looks. What a beautiful presentation! Besides I like anything with potatoes in it. So cool that some of their potatoes are so rare they end up being used as currency!

    • alison says:

      The potato scene there was unlike any single ingredient I’ve ever experienced in another country. Peru’s cuisine is on fire right now and I’d love to go back just for the restaurants in Lima alone!

  3. What a great post, brings back memories as I went there in the Andes as well and the selection of potatoes is astounding. I had many dishes but not the Peru Causa, I’ll have to try it at home until I get to go back and have it there.

  4. Will definitely be trying Causa next time I’m in Peru. Meanwhile, I’ve had it a few times in Peruvian restaurants in the U.s.

  5. Lucy says:

    I’ve never heard of causa but the recipe sounds really tasty! I don’t eat a lot of potatoes at home but love the idea of having all those different varieties to try.

  6. We’d arrived in Cusco in the morning and set out to get some lunch. We found a cafe bar with a rooftop terrace with views of the towers and domes at the back of the cathedral. Looking at the menu I didn’t know what Causa was but it sounded good from the description. When it arrived it was a work of art and so pretty – it also tasted delicious. That was my first experience of Causa and it remains a very special moment from our Peru trip.

  7. Wow! That is a tasty looking dish. Peruvians are all about those potatoes. When I go on food tours they typically send 2-3 different dishes based from potatoes. This one, with the tuna and avocado sounds perfect but its beautiful!

  8. Suzie Nash says:

    Hi Alison, Today’s(4/17) NY Times has an article on this very same Peru potato subject! Thought you may be interested!

  9. Patti Morrow says:

    Peru had a lot of great food, but I’m with you on causa — it was my favorite, too. The melding of the flavors was perfect. I’m salivating now just thinking of it! Such a fabulous trip for #boomersinperu!

    • alison says:

      One of the best trips ever, and that’s saying something from two boomers who know their way around the globe : ) I’m glad we had the chance to see this amazing country together!

  10. Maira says:

    Damn! looks so yummy. Will definitely be trying this next time I’m in Peru!

  11. Anna says:

    This looks soooooooooo delicious and it also has my favorite tuna and avocado -will try to cook it! Thanks for the inspiration!

  12. Oh my this looks good! Our only Peruvian food experience occurred in Springfield, Missouri at Cafe Cusco. The person who owns it had spent many years in Peru and wanted to share his love of their cuisine with others. This story reminded us just how much we loved the flavors.

    • alison says:

      So glad to hear I conjured up a tasty memory. We have a restaurant here in Boston that I must get to soon. It promises to deliver on the flavors of Peru too.